Landslide Hazard Mapping Using GIS and GANs at Central Parts of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan
Bashir Ahmad JALALI1+, Taeyoo NA1, Hirokazu FURUKI2, Itaru KITAHARA3, Youhei KAWAMURA4#
1Graduate school of International Resource Sciences, Akita University, Japan, 2Nippon Koei Co, Japan, 3Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan, 4Akita University, Japan

Landslide awareness especially in areas prone to this naturally occurring geological hazard is of utmost importance. There are several traditional methods that have been employed with successes and failures being part of their nature with a goal to understand and guard against them. These methods are however deemed rather haphazard in this digital world where structure, relationship between variables, and tractability, are of extreme importance. With central parts of Badakhshan Province, Eastern-North Afghanistan being the focus of our research, this paper attempts to integrate Geographic Information System (GIS) and Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) in the mapping of landslide hazards within this area. To achieve this, we attained datasets from the ‘Ministry of mines and petroleum of Afghanistan’ which can be generalized as landslide preparedness of the populations within and around our study area, and landslide trigger factors. Having accumulated this data, we employed a GAN whose duty was to automatically discover and learn the patterns in input data in such a way that the model can be used to generate or output new examples that plausibly could have been drawn from the original dataset, thereby allowing one to the assess the occurrence of a fake landslide as though it could or had occurred; One would call this predicting the future and preparing for it before it comes. Outputs from the GAN are then exported into the GIS map in conjunction with the actual data to find the best mitigating techniques. From the results we attained, we were able to locate unstable hazard-prone areas, this will potentially aid in environmental regeneration programs whose goal is to initiate suitable and relatively more practical mitigation measures.